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Attracting Hummingbirds to Your Garden: Top Plant Choices

Creating a garden that attracts hummingbirds is a delightful endeavor that brings vibrant color and enchanting wildlife right to your doorstep. Among the myriad of plants that appeal to these iridescent beauties, five stand out for their allure: verbena, vermillionaire, salvia, columbine, and nicotiana. Each of these plants offers unique benefits and ensures that your garden becomes a hummingbird haven.

1. Verbena

Verbena, with its clusters of small, vivid flowers, is a magnet for hummingbirds. This plant's long blooming period, typically from spring to the first frost, provides a consistent nectar source, making it a reliable addition to your garden. Verbenas thrive in full sun and well-drained soil, and they can be grown in garden beds or containers, adding flexibility to your landscaping plans. Their rich colors, ranging from deep purples to bright pinks, are particularly attractive to hummingbirds, who are drawn to bold hues.

2. Vermillionaire

The vermillionaire (Cuphea) is another excellent choice, known for its tubular, bright red flowers that seem tailor-made for hummingbirds. This plant blooms profusely throughout the growing season, ensuring a steady supply of nectar. It prefers sunny locations and well-drained soil, much like verbena. The compact growth habit of vermillionaire makes it perfect for garden borders or as a striking container plant. Its vibrant flowers and ease of care make it a favourite among gardeners aiming to attract these tiny birds.


Planting for Hummingbirds

3. Salvia

Salvia, or sage, is a versatile plant that comes in many varieties, each with its own appeal. Salvia's tubular flowers, available in a range of colors including red, purple, and blue, are perfect for the long bills of hummingbirds. These plants are not only attractive but also hardy, thriving in various climates and soil types. They are drought-tolerant and low-maintenance, making them a practical choice for any garden. The abundant blooms of salvia provide ample feeding opportunities for hummingbirds, ensuring they will frequent your garden.

4. Columbine

Columbine (Aquilegia) is a charming perennial known for its uniquely shaped flowers and diverse colour palette. The spurred petals of columbine flowers are particularly appealing to hummingbirds, who can easily access the nectar inside. Columbines prefer partial shade and well-drained soil, making them suitable for woodland gardens or shaded borders. Their early spring blooms provide an essential nectar source when few other plants are in flower, attracting hummingbirds at a critical time.

5. Nicotiana

Nicotiana, commonly known as flowering tobacco, features trumpet-shaped flowers that emit a sweet fragrance, especially in the evening. This plant is not only visually appealing with its white, pink, or red flowers but also highly attractive to hummingbirds. Nicotiana thrives in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Its extended blooming period from summer to fall ensures a continuous nectar supply, keeping hummingbirds coming back for more.

Planting for Hummingbirds

Incorporating these plants into your garden will not only enhance its beauty but also create a sanctuary for hummingbirds. By providing a reliable source of nectar through these vibrant and varied flowers, you'll enjoy the captivating sight of hummingbirds flitting through your garden, bringing movement and life to your outdoor space.